Village Archive1st Dec 2014 Last updated at 12:58
Remembering the Fallen of the Great War
Our Village Archivist, Rupert Courtenay–Evans, has compiled the following details of the Chipstead soldiers who lost their lives in the Great War of 1914-18 and who are recorded on the Chipstead War Memorial.
Rupert has obtained details of the soldiers from military and other records, but he would like to expand the article, so if anyone has more information on any of the men, including old photographs which could be included in the article, please contact Rupert at:
[email protected] - or phone 01737 554 049.
The Unveiling of the Chipstead War Memorial on 3rd April 1920
This ceremony was due to be performed by Lord Hylton, the Lord of Chipstead Manor. Sadly he was not well at the time and therefore Sir Horace Marshall KCVO, later Lord Marshall, did it instead, quoting parts of Lord Hylton`s letter of apology:
"Valiant hearts who to your glory came:
Though dust of conflict and thro` battle flame:
Tranquil you lie, your Knightly virtue proved:
Your memory, hallowed in the land you loved:"
Lord Hylton also said he not in favour of the location of the Memorial, in the shadow of the old Church, a symbol of Christian Religion, rather than representing the communal sacrifice of all classes and creeds, protecting England from alien regimes.
The Ceremony was conducted by the Rector, Canon.W.H.Stone, and the congregation sang:
"For all the Saints who from their labours rest" and
"The National Anthem"
Rev. W H Stone, Rector of St. Margaret's Chipstead 1913 - 1920
The ceremony ended with the reading of the names of the fallen, who are listed below.
Abdee, George --Pre war, head groom to Mr Goad at the Lodge, and lived at Gatefield Cottages, High Road. Private no.1330 7th Btn West Surrey Regt. Killed 1 July 1916 on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. 1st battle of Albert /or Bazentin ridge. Age 37.
Bennett, Roland William- son of the William Bennett, landlord of the Star Inn, Hooley, aged 26, (regular cricketer for Chipstead. 1906-12). He emigrated to Australia in 1912. He volunteered at the beginning of the war, enlisted initially in the Australian Light Horse, Wounded at Gallipoli 1915 - went home to recover, On recovery he joined the Australian Infantry. Sent to Egypt to fight the Turks again then returned to Europe and joined the Howitzer Battalion, sent to France and was severely wounded and died 21 July 1917.
Chipstead War Memorial on Church Green. The memorial records the names of the fallen in major wars, including WW1, WW2 and Afghanistan.
Burt, Thomas Jesse- from Hooley, worked at Netherne Hospital in the kitchens, lived at 12 Star Cottages, L/Sgt 9th Btn, E. Surrey Regt. Killed 20 Sept 15 aged 27.
Cable, William David- b. 1897 lived at Gatefield Cottages, Chipstead. Gardener, enlisted in the 23rd Btn London Regiment and was killed on 22 Aug 18 probably at 2nd battle for Bapaume, during the final advance of the allies.
Dunn, Gerald Morton, Address The Heatherlands, the Chase, Kingswood. Architect - married to Lena Beavis, 2 sons. Joined Royal Garrison artillery, 2nd Lt.- killed 31 Oct 18. Buried in Haynecourt Cemetery-near Cambrai.
Cranham, Frank b 1881- killed 28 Mar 18 near Bapaume, 6th Btn Royal West Surrey Reg.(Queens) Pte G13567
Corkran, Reginald Seymour of Pirbright Manor, (Chipstead Cricketer-opening bat), 2 Lt Grenadier Guards, He was severely wounded at Le Touquet, south of Ypres, and died on 11 Jun 1915, aged 24 . He had previously been a sergeant in the HAC. He was buried in Chipstead Church Yard in the Family tomb.
Crowe, Charles-- Aged 40, a married gamekeeper who in 1911 lived at Clapham in W.Sussex. They had 1 son aged 5 months. He was a sergeant No-G/20302 in the 12th Btn of the Royal Sussex Regt. and was probably killed in the Battle of Polygon Wood, during the 3rd battle of Ypres on 25 Sep 1917.
His widow Eleanor continued to live in Hooley until her death about 1950, and their only son died aged about 20 of unknown causes.
Hyett , William.Harold of 4 How Green cottage, son of Mrs A Steer born 1895. Joined 10th Btn Rifle Brigade. no S/263 killed 15 Aug 17 Passchendaele
Joyce, William- listed as living at Redhill. Private no. 2166 East Surrey Reg. 9th Btn Killed on the Somme on 3 Sep 16 either at Delville wood or Guillemont.
Kimbrey -Percy Eustace- son of Walter & Elizabeth Kimbrey, b.1899, lived at Ruffets cottage, near the old school, Killed 3 July 1916 on the Somme, private Royal Berks Regt, 5th Btn, C coy.
Lendon, Capt. P.Bruce, MVO.( ex regular soldier) lived at Court Lodge Farm. farmer and local cricketer. Re-enlisted Royal Lancs. Regt. in August 1914, outbreak of war and was killed on the retreat from Mons in Oct 1914, going to help a wounded soldier in a ditch being swept by machine gunfire.
Neame, Gerald Tassell of Oakdene, Starrock Lane. m Phyllis. Capt 7th Btn East Kents. Killed aged 31 on 1 July 16 - 1st Battle of Albert. A Mrs Neame, probably his widow, who lived at Sopers Cottage in Markedge Lane in the 2nd WW, with another lady started the "Chipstead Aero Supplies Ltd" in the PA hall and employed 23 people to make the wings, rudders and other aero components of war planes
Mills, Arthur-b 1893, his father was coachman at Priorsfield in Markedge Lane. Young Arthur was a gardener who Lived at Woodside, Mugswell . Joined 1/4th Btn. London Reg. Cpl. was killed at Gommecourt 1 July 16 ( 1st day of the Somme battle)
Newberry, Thomas born in Chessington 1898- lived at Dene House Farm. Chipstead Valley. Died of wounds at the Battle of Arras on 5 May 1917. Rifleman in the 9th Btn of The Rifle Brigade.
Parfitt, Ambrose.-born Gatton 1885, married 1906, railway platelayer, Lived in Coulsdon Killed 23 Aug 1917 Pte, no 29021, Duke of Cornwalls Light Infantry 6th Btn( ?at Passchendaele)
One of the WW1 panels on the Chipstead War Memorial
Powell, George H of 10 Star Cottages, Hooley- born 1895- Gardener’s boy. L/Cpl Tank Corps B btn.-75918- killed 3rd battle of Ypres, 31 July 17, (the tanks could not cope with mud.)
Reynolds, John--no records yet
The following 3 names were brothers, and the sons of Mrs Emily Harriet Ross, widow of the late Mr Richard Ross who had lived in Maxton, Roxburghshire. Mrs Ross then lived at Starrock Court from 1912 to c1920, with some of her large family of 10, who were cousins of Dr John Smallshaw`s mother. John, now retired, lives in Stagbury Close.
Ross, James- Pte 1st/14th Btn London Reg - killed 1 Nov 1914 at Messines aged 34. His name is on the Menin Gate memorial (panel 54)
Ross, Richard (Dickon) MC- killed aged 22 on 25 Sep 1916 on the Somme. 2nd Lt . 1st Btn Devonshire Reg. Buried Guards Cemetery in Lesboeuf which fell to the Guards Division on 25 Sep 16.
Ross,Thomas Stewart, 2nd Lt, 1st Btn, Cameron Highlanders. Died of wounds, aged 19, on 13 Nov 18. His fatal wounds were received in the last battle of the war at Sambre on 4 Nov 18. He was buried in the Premont British Cemetery- France.
Smith,Frederick George. lived at Starrock Cottages m. with 3 children - originally from Sutton. Private 1st Btn , Queens Reg, (Royal West Surrey) died on 21 Oct 1917 aged 30. Probably on the Hindenberg line or at Ypres.
Stone, Francis G , born 1896 - gardener at Shabden Park . Cpl. ? Reg. wounded at Gommmecourt (Somme)- 1 July 16 . Died of wounds in Warrington Hospital 21 July 16- Grave in Chipstead Churchyard.
Tate, Alan- b 1897- lived at 3 Star Cottages ( Hooley)-Pte.10th Btn Queens Reg. d. of wounds-30 July 18 battle of Bapaume
Trish, Thomas -b 1885 of 8 Star Cottages Hooley. (a Chipstead Cricketer) Able seaman on the frigate HMS Calliope, training ship, from wounds at the Battle of Jutland 1 Jun 16
Waller Hubert W, Starrock Farm Cottages born 1894- Pte 2nd/4th Btn. London Reg. ( the Fusiliers) killed during the evacuation of Gallipoli 14 Nov 15
Waite, Thomas -b 1883. Farm horseman at Mugswell ( ? Southern`s) Farm Married with 2 Children. Private in the 7th Btn Queens Reg, killed in Flanders either at Passchendaele or the Ancre.
The following 2 names were the only sons of the late Henry Spencer Walpole of Stagbury House, Chipstead, and Freethorpe, Norfolk, and Francis Selina, his widow. They are not recorded on the Chipstead War Memorial, as Stagbury House, Outwood Lane, was just inside the parish of Woodmansterne, but they are remembered in a stained glass window on the north aisle of St Margarets Church. The original window was destroyed by German bombs in the 2nd WW on 23Ffeb 1945.)
Walpole, Thomas Henry Vade. Lt. 10th Btn Gordon Highlanders, killed at Loos 20 Sep 15 aged 36.
Walpole, Horatio Spencer. Lt. 1st Btn Coldstream Guards. Killed 9 April 18 during the German spring offensive at Etaires. Aged 36
The Woodmansterne War Memorial
At the CVPS AGM in June 2014, Stewart Sweetman, chairman of the Banstead History Research Group, gave an excellent presentation about two men who had lived at Middleshaw in Walpole Avenue, Chipstead, during the WW1, but at different times. Both had been killed in the war, but their names appear on the Woodmansterne War Memorial, because the parish boundary divides Walpole Avenue in two, and Middleshaw is in the Parish of Woodmansterne.
Frederick Monro Raikes was born in 1872, into a very distinguished family, including two Governors of the bank of England, a Director of the ill-fated South Sea Company and yet another was the founder of the Sunday School Movement. Young Frederick was educated at Radley College and Oxford and became a solicitor, and in 1910 he and his wife and 5 children moved to Chipstead and were the first occupants of the newly built Middleshaw. At that time Garth Steading ( built in 1906) was the only other house in Walpole Ave.
Frederick Monro Raikes
In 1915 he volunteered for the Army and was gazetted as a 2nd Lt. in the South Wales Borderers, a much older recruit than most. He had one younger brother who was a Colonel and another an Admiral; perhaps this made him join up. He was attached to the Machine Gun Corps (135th Company) and in November 1916, he was sent to Mesopotamia (now Iraq) as part of the 21st Infantry Brigade, to fight the Ottoman forces, mainly Turks. After initial reverses, the British Army made good progress to cross the River Tigris at Kut, which is south of Baghdad. Here on 22nd February 1917, just before the 2nd Battle of Kut, Frederick Raikes was killed. He is not only remembered on the Woodmansterne but also on the Amara War Memorial in Iraq.
Soon after Frederick Raikes death, his widow sold Middleshaw to a Professor Rhys-Davids, who had previously lived at Cotterstock, in How lane, with his family. Both the professor and his wife were scholars of oriental religions and languages. They had three children, a son Arthur and two girls, Vivien and Nesta. Vivien was to become a leading light in the Chipstead Community from the 1920s to her death in 1978, living at Garth Steading.
Arthur Rhys-Davids was born in 1987, was educated at Eton and won a scholarship to Oxford University, but he decided to postpone this and volunteered for the Royal Flying Corps, which he joined in August 1916. He was promoted to 2nd Lt and was trained as a pilot. He was posted to 56 squadron which had just been re-equipped with new "state of the art" fighters, the SE5.
He first experienced of aerial combat on the 7th May 1917, when his famous flight commander Albert Ball VC was killed. On June 5th he received a telegram informing him that he had won an MC for "conspicuous gallantry and devotion". His early success continued to the extent that he had to be told off about taking unnecessary risks. He received a Bar to his MC in September 1917 and on 23rd September, he was credited with shooting down the German fighter ace Verners Voss, in one of the most famous dogfights of the war. Arthur went missing on 27th October 1917 and received a posthumous DSO for shooting down nine planes in nine weeks. In total he is credited with 25 kills in his brief flying career of four and a half months.
As well as being remembered on the Lych Gate of St Peters, Woodmansterne, his name also appears on the Arras Flying Services Memorial
Arthur is undoubtedly Chipstead`s most decorated war hero.